Alice Syndrom Hier finden Sie Ihre Medikamente
Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom. Synonyme: Wunderlandsyndrom, AIWS, AWS Englisch: Alice in wonderland syndrome, Alice in wonderland effect. Weitere Namen sind Wunderlandsyndrom, Alice in Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS, AWS), Alice in Wonderland Effect, Wonderlandsyndrome oder. Plötzlich beginnt die ganze Welt zu schrumpfen. Was surreal klingt, ist eine echte Krankheit: das Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom. In medizinischen Kreisen existiert das Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom nicht. Wie sich herausstellte, gibt es viele Menschen die bereits ähnliche Symptome erlebt. Unter dem Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom wird ein neurologischer Symptomkomplex verstanden, der mit einer gestörten Wahrnehmung der.
Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom. Wunderlandsyndrom, AIWS sind weitere Bezeichnungen für das Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom. Englisch: Alice-in-Wonderland-syndrome, Todd's syndrome. Einleitung. Das Alice-im-Wunderland-Syndrom ist keine eigenständige Krankheit, sondern lediglich. Die Geschichte von "Alice im Wunderland" kennt wohl jeder. Doch was meinen Ärzte mit dem gleichnamigen Syndrom? https://w.
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Certain medications may induce migraines. This is another reason as to why it is very important to take into consideration the many potential side-effects that any medication can induce.
Oral contraceptives and vasodilators may be among those medications which can have the potential to induce migraines, as well as inadvertently induce some symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
If you are unsure as to which medications may cause you to experience migraines, then you may want to speak to your local pharmacist to see the potential risks.
Overbearing sensory experiences such as extremely bright lights, very loud sounds, or even powerful smells may induce migraines in someone who is already experiencing a headache or in someone who is already at risk for experiencing migraines.
Though avoiding such stimuli is an obvious pragmatic solution to this potential problem, it is not always possible and practical to do so in every situation.
So, you may greatly benefit by taking active steps in your life to try and limit the amount of over-exposure to such stimuli. Not getting enough sleep or getting too much sleep may put yourself at risk for developing migraines.
This is especially the case for those experiencing jet lag. Such migraines which are a result of improper sleep patterns may put you at risk for developing Alice in Wonderland Syndrome insofar as you have the genetics to allow it to develop in the first place.
Some other notable causes of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome are brain tumors, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis , an infection, or head trauma.
Although, it is quite difficult for doctors to find the exact cause of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome due to the fact that the symptoms of it only occur for a short amount of time .
The symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome are quite bizarre and resemble some symptoms of schizophrenia. A lot of the symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome are seen in the movie itself as experienced by Alice.
Just as her experience and perception of reality were warped, the same can be said for the individual suffering from symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome in real life.
Alice experienced color enhancement in her environment, straight lines that appeared curved, large objects that were actually very small, small objects that were actually very large, things that appeared far away but were actually right near her, and so on and so on.
These symptoms that Alice experienced in the movie are also the very same symptoms of someone who has Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
These symptoms can inflict a great deal of distress upon the individual experiencing it. Though the symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome appear to be somewhat analogous to some other psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, this syndrome is in fact not a psychiatric issue, but is instead a neurological one.
So, seeking out medical advice from a neurologist as opposed to a psychiatrist may be more appropriate for truly diagnosing someone with Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
However, it is also important to take into consideration that some of the symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome can be induced by taking certain drugs, such as hallucinogens or LSD, among others.
So, someone who takes these or similar drugs may find themselves experiencing some of the symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome described in this article.
This would be so not because of them having a neurological condition, but rather as a consequence of their drug consumption.
Once you seek out a medical professional for your condition, they may have your blood taken to find out if you have the Epstein-Barr virus or another virus that causes Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, an MRI scan of your brain, or an EEG test .
Taking into consideration that this condition may be more common among children, if you think your child may have Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, then you may need to seek out a pediatric neurologist to get them properly diagnosed.
However, you can still help to minimize your symptoms by controlling your migraines, among many other ways. Treatments may include taking prescribed medications or over the counter medications like Excedrin or Tylenol.
Preventing headaches and migraines may be your best bet for helping you to treat Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. This may include knowing what will trigger or exacerbate your migraines.
Reducing any sort of stimuli is one of the best ways to reduce the amount of pain experienced from severe migraines. It may take several hours for you to fully recover from a migraine.
Blood pressure, anti-seizure, and antidepressant medications may also help with treating Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
However, this will depend greatly on if your symptoms are from more than just migraines: stroke, seizures, etc.
Besides taking medications, eating a healthier diet may also help reduce your risk of experiencing migraines. This means eating foods such as fruits, vegetables , fish, and poultry among other healthy foods.
You may want to stay away from processed meats and alcohol, as these foods have the potential to trigger a migraine . As intimated in the forgoing paragraphs, there are many different ways to help treat the symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
Keeping a daily record of the way you feel can be a very advantageous endeavor for trying to prevent migraines and Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. It can be beneficial because your daily entries can be used as not only a reference, but also to help you learn which behaviors you should maintain and which ones you should change.
Writing down the way you feel every day can allow you to do this effortlessly. This is especially beneficial for those who consider themselves to be forgetful as they will easily be able to look into their journal for an entry at a past date.
Bright lights can not only induce headaches, but they can also cause migraines in people who are sensitive enough to it.
So, ensuring that you steer clear from very bright lights may help you to prevent painful migraines, as well as Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
To make this so, you can light candles or have dim lamps turned on in your home as opposed to turning on the bright lights on your ceiling fan.
This may significantly help you to reduce experiencing migraines, as well as symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
Getting good rest is very important for a plethora of reasons, such as allowing your mind and body to recover from stress or injury, among many other reasons.
Some other benefits include helping to reduce the risk of getting migraines and Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. It is no secret that high amounts of stress can cause migraines.
So, it is only natural to presume that preventing intense amounts of stress will significantly help to reduce your overall risk for developing painful migraines, as well as Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
There are many techniques that you can use to help you avoid stress. One very beneficial technique for helping to reduce stress is by using deep breathing techniques.
You can start by simply taking a deep breath in through your nose and slowly exhaling through your mouth. Just as very bright lights can aid in inducing migraines, so can very loud noises.
So, trying to reduce your exposure to loud noises may help you to reduce your overall risk for developing migraines, as well as from developing Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
Be that as it may, some loud noises cannot be avoided, such as lightning or hearing someone randomly honk their horn while driving. Nevertheless, taking some active steps at trying to reduce your chances of getting exposed to loud noises may in fact help you to reduce your chance of developing a nasty migraine, as well as the unsettling condition Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
Drinks and foods that are high in caffeine have their share of benefits. If you must have your coffee, try to consume it in the morning to ensure that your sleep is not hindered.
However, you should still try to keep your caffeine consumption at a reasonable amount as too much may mean severe headaches and possibly symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome insofar as you have the proper genetics.
Although this may not be as obvious as the other ways to help reduce migraines and ultimately symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, it is still an important factor to keep into consideration.
Specifically, it is important to ensure that you do not skip meals or go long periods of time without eating as this may increase your risk for developing migraines, along with some symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome insofar as you have the proper genetic predisposition.
Exercise itself has been known to withhold a plethora of diverse advantages. In addition to the benefits that are already common knowledge, such as stronger muscles, better endurance, lower risk for heart disease, and much more, exercise may also help to reduce your chance of getting a painful migraine too, as well as potentially helping you to reduce your chance of experiencing some symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
This is due to how exercise helps people to better cope with stress in their day to day life. Meditation, particularly mindfulness meditation has been shown to be extremely beneficial at helping people to enter into a state of mental calmness.
Such equanimity will help with limiting the amount of stress you can expect to endure in any given day. And stress, as we just learned can lead to a higher risk of experiencing migraines, as well as symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
If you are unsure how to get started with meditation, there are many free meditation apps available, such as Calm or Waking Up, among several others.
Medications such as Relpax, Zomig, Imitrex, and Axert, among several others may help reduce your chance of developing a painful migraine.
Taking such precautions may also help to reduce your risk for developing Alice in Wonderland Syndrome as well.
If you are considering taking medication to help treat your migraines or your Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, then you should first talk to your doctor to ensure that it is safe and effective to do so.
Though napping may seem like a wonderful idea in the heat of the moment, taking long naps in the middle of the day or in the evening may significantly hinder your ability to experience a sound night sleep.
Having a lack of sleep may increase your chance of experiencing some of the symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome insofar as you have the genetics to do so.
So, if you can, try to limit the length of your naps, as well as having them earlier in the day, if at all. Though many people enjoy falling asleep to their favorite TV show, doing so may in fact be hindering your overall quality of sleep, thus increasing your potential risk for developing Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
However, if you must keep the TV on while you sleep, then it may be beneficial for you to keep the volume very low, as well as dimming the screen. Ensuring that the environment in which you sleep in is very dimly lit, if lit at all, may help you to enjoy a more sound, deeper sleep.
Although this is not for everyone, as some people actually like to sleep with a bright night light on or with the TV on, keeping the lights dim when sleeping or having no light at all may help your mind and body to naturally calm down.
Be that as it may, there are some people who are simply afraid of the dark. If this sounds like you, then utilizing such a technique may not be very effective at helping to provide you with a better sleep, nor will it help you to reduce your chance of getting Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
For some people, going to bed at the same time every night can be quite challenging. Be that as it may, doing so may be able to greatly improve the overall quality of your sleep.
When we go to bed around the same time every night, our body tends to get accustomed to it quite abruptly. This can be clearly shown in people who suffer from jet lag as their internal clocks are different than that of whichever new time zone they are in.
Ensuring that the temperature of the room you sleep in is cool or warm enough for your liking is very important for getting a good night sleep.
Those who are hot natured will have a very difficult time falling asleep in a warm room. In contrast, those who are thin-skinned or who are just cold-natured will likely desire a warmer environment when falling asleep.
This may become an issue if you happen to live with other people who all have vastly different temperature preferences.
Nevertheless, trying to set a comfortable bedroom temperature may help you to have a better night sleep, which may also help to reduce your chance of having migraines or symptoms of Alice in Wonderland Syndrome.
Eating a meal right before you go to bed may make it quite difficult for you to get a good night sleep.
This is especially true if you indulge in a glutenous portion of food right before bed. Individuals with AIWS can experience hallucinations or illusions of expansion, reduction or distortion of their own body image, such as microsomatognosia feeling that their own body or body parts are shrinking , or macrosomatognosia feeling that their body or body parts are growing taller or larger.
These changes in perception are collectively known as metamorphosias , or Lilliputian hallucinations  , which refers to objects appearing either smaller or larger than reality.
Within the category of Lilliputian hallucinations, patients may experience either micropsia or macropsia. Micropsia is an abnormal visual condition, usually occurring in the context of visual hallucination , in which the affected person sees objects as being smaller than they are in reality.
One year-old boy described his odd symptoms by the following: "Quite suddenly objects appear small and distant or large and close. I feel as [if] I am getting shorter and smaller 'shrinking' and also the size of persons are not longer than my index finger a lilliputian proportion.
Sometimes I see the blind in the window or the television getting up and down, or my leg or arm is swinging. I may hear the voices of people quite loud and close or faint and far.
Occasionally, I experience attacks of migrainous headache associated with eye redness, flashes of lights and a feeling of giddiness.
I am always conscious to the intangible changes in myself and my environment". Although a person's vision of real versus hallucinatory objects is not affected, they will often 'see' objects as the incorrect size, shape or perspective angle.
Therefore, people, cars, buildings, houses, animals, trees, environments, etc. Further, depth perception can be altered whereby perceived distances are incorrect.
For example, a corridor may appear to be very long, or the ground may appear too close. Zoopsia is an additional hallucination that is sometimes associated with Alice in Wonderland syndrome.
Zoopsias involve hallucinations of either swarms of small animals e. In addition, some people may, in conjunction with a high fever, experience more intense and overt hallucinations, seeing things that are not there and misinterpreting events and situations.
Sufferers of Alice in Wonderland syndrome can also often experience paranoia as a result of disturbances in sound perception.
These disturbances can include amplification of soft sounds or misinterpretation of common sounds. A person affected by Alice in Wonderland syndrome may also lose a sense of time , a problem similar to the lack of spatial perspective brought on by visual distortion.
Time may seem to pass very slowly, akin to an LSD experience, and the lack of time and space perspective can also lead to a distorted sense of velocity.
For example, one could be inching along ever so slowly in reality, yet to an affected person, it would seem as if one were sprinting uncontrollably along a moving walkway, leading to severe, overwhelming disorientation.
Complete and partial forms of the Alice in Wonderland syndrome exist in a range of other disorders, including epilepsy, intoxicants, infectious states, fevers, and brain lesions.
It can also be the initial symptom of the Epstein—Barr virus see mononucleosis , and a relationship between the syndrome and mononucleosis has been suggested.
AiWS can be caused by abnormal amounts of electrical activity resulting in abnormal blood flow in the parts of the brain that process visual perception and texture.
One hypothesis is that any condition resulting in a decrease in perfusion of the visual pathways or visual control centers of the brain may be responsible for the syndrome.
For example, one study used single photon emission computed tomography to demonstrate reduced cerebral perfusion in the temporal lobe in patients with AiWS.
Other theories suggest the syndrome is a result of unspecific cortical dysfunction e. This has been demonstrated by the production of body image disturbances through electrical stimulation of the posterior parietal cortex.
Other researchers suggest that metamorphopsias, or visual distortions, may be a result of reduced perfusion of the non-dominant posterior parietal lobe during migraine episodes.
Throughout all the neuroimaging studies, several cortical regions including the temporoparietal junction within the parietal lobe, and the visual pathway, specifically the occipital lobe are associated with the development of Alice in Wonderland syndrome symptoms.
The role of migraines in Alice in Wonderland syndrome is still not understood, but both vascular and electrical theories have been suggested. For example, visual distortions may be a result of transient, localized ischaemia an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body in areas of the visual pathway during migraine attacks.
In addition, a spreading wave of depolarization of cells particularly glial cells in the cerebral cortex during migraine attacks can eventually activate the trigeminal nerve's regulation of the vascular system.
The intense cranial pain during migraines is due to the connection of the trigeminal nerve with the thalamus and thalamic projections onto the sensory cortex.
Alice in Wonderland syndrome symptoms can precede, accompany, or replace the typical migraine symptoms. One case study showcased a grandmother, mother, son, and daughter all with Alice in Wonderland syndrome [ citation needed ]  , suggesting that AiWS is passed on from parent to child.
In addition, there is an established hereditary trait of migraines. Examples of environmental influences on the incidence of AiWS include the use of the drug topiramate and potentially the dietary intake of tyramine.
Further research is required to establish the genetic and environmental influences on Alice in Wonderland syndrome. Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a disturbance of perception rather than a specific physiological condition.
The diagnosis can be presumed when other causes have been ruled out. Additionally, AiWS can be presumed if the patient presents symptoms along with migraines and complains of onset during the day although it can also occur at night.
However, as there are no established diagnostic criteria for Alice in Wonderland syndrome, there is likely to be a large degree of variability in the diagnostic process and thus it can be poorly diagnosed.
Whatever the cause, the bodily related distortions can recur several times a day and may take some time to abate.
As a consequence, the person can become alarmed, frightened, and panic-stricken throughout the course of the hallucinations, and affected people may even hurt themselves or others around them as a result of this alarm.
The symptoms of the syndrome themselves are not inherently harmful and are likely to disappear with time, as most patients outgrow these episodes.
The long-term prognosis typically depends on the root cause of the syndrome, which must be evaluated and treated.
Often, difficulty lies within the patient's reluctance to describe their symptoms out of fear of being labeled with a psychiatric disorder.
Nonetheless, it is usually easy to rule out psychosis as those with Alice in Wonderland syndrome are typically aware that their hallucinations and distorted perceptions are not 'real'.
Symptoms of AiWS do not appear to change in severity over the course of the syndrome, and though the symptoms may acutely impact the patient's life while they are present, Alice in Wonderland syndrome typically resolves itself within weeks or months.
At present, Alice in Wonderland syndrome has no standardized treatment plan. Rather, treatment methods revolve around migraine prophylaxis, as well as the promotion of a low tyramine diet.
Drugs that may be used to prevent migraines include anticonvulsants , antidepressants , calcium channel blockers , and beta blockers.
Other treatments that have been explored include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation rTMS. Further research is required to establish an effective treatment regime.
The lack of established diagnostic criteria or large-scale epidemiological studies on Alice in Wonderland syndrome means that the exact prevalence of the syndrome is currently unknown.
One study on 3, adolescents in Japan demonstrated the occurrence of macropsia and micropsia to be 6. Studies showed that younger males age range of 5 to 14 years were 2.
Conversely, female students to year-olds showed a significantly greater prevalence. The average age of the start of Alice in Wonderland syndrome is six years old, but it is very normal for some patients to experience the syndrome from childhood up to their late 20s.
The syndrome is sometimes called Todd's syndrome, in reference to an influential description of the condition in by Dr.
Todd discovered that several of his patients experienced severe headaches causing them to see and perceive objects as greatly out of proportion.
In addition, they had altered sense of time and touch, as well as distorted perceptions of their own body. Despite having migraine headaches, none of these patients had brain tumors, damaged eyesight, or mental illness that could have accounted for these and similar symptoms.
They were also all able to think lucidly and could distinguish hallucinations from reality, however, their perceptions were distorted.
Since Lewis Carroll had been a well-known migraine sufferer with similar symptoms, Dr. Todd speculated that Carroll had used his own migraine experiences as a source of inspiration for his famous novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.